Recessed Can LightsRethinking Recessed LightingHow to Build an Insulated Cathedral CeilingMartin’s 10 Rules of LightingBan the Can From Home Energy: A Recessed Can of Worms Our expert’s opinionHere’s what GBA technical director Peter Yost has to say:I see four main issues regarding the air-sealing and insulation of retrofit LED recessed can lights:Creating an airtight ceiling penetration. I can’t tell you the number of times I have been told that the can lights themselves were airtight (when indeed they were not — read on), while the main source of air leakage was the unsealed penetration in the ceiling plane. In other words, air can leak between the hole in the drywall and the lighting trim. It seems self-evident that an airtight installation (including sealing of the ceiling penetration) is needed to support an airtight fixture. Look for LED can light retrofit kits that include a gasket as part of the trim package.Insulating and air sealing the interior of the can light. I tried to contact four major lighting manufacturers on installation practices for LED can light retrofits. I only heard back from one: Lithonia Downlighting / Acuity Brands Lighting. The company strongly discouraged this approach because it likely voids the warranty on the fixture and obscures inspection or verification of the wiring of the assembly. Even though the wattage of the LED fixture is much less than the lamp it is replacing, there is still the need to shed heat generated during lamp operation.Spray foaming the exterior of the can light. The technical rep from Lithonia also discouraged this practice because, depending on the construction details of any non-airtight metal can, they have found that significant spray foam can end up inside the can, with the same problems of wiring inspection. (Not to mention the issue of fire safety when spray foam is inside a can light, brought up earlier in this blog).The choice between E-26 (screw-in socket lamps), GU-24 (lamps with prongs), and hard-wired LED retrofit can lights. I had not thought of this aspect of installation, but the Lithonia tech rep stated that California Title 24 now requires that LED retrofits be installed hard-wired instead of using either E-26 or GU-24 hook-ups. The idea is that if you air-seal and insulate the old can light assembly and allow a subsequent change back to an incandescent lamp, then you could have heat build-up and fire safety issues.So how do you air seal and insulate IC-rated, non-airtight can assemblies? You build a box around the fixture that is airtight and then insulate around that. Or, you make the installation of an airtight retrofit can assembly a part of your LED retrofit.Finally, it’s pretty amazing how much progress has been made with the color rendering index (CRI) and temperature ratings for LED lamps. Be sure to use these performance metrics in selecting your LED lamp. You can learn more about that here. No easy way to calculate heat loss“You have my sympathy,” writes GBA senior editor Martin Holladay. “It’s outrageous that there is no law against building houses with massive holes in the ceiling air barrier. I’m sorry that you bought a house with this problem.”Holladay thinks that Brown’s plan to go with LED retrofits is a good one, and he doubts that stuffing some fiberglass insulation into the fixture is going to be a code violation.But quantifying the annual heat loss from all those fixtures is too difficult.“I’m not going to try to estimate the annual cost of the heat loss associated with these recessed can lights, because there are too many variables,” he says. “Suffice it to say that the air leakage associated with these fixtures is a major problem, and you are certainly justified in pursuing a solution.”If it’s OK to use fiberglass insulation in the fixtures, Brown replies, what about using pieces of 2-inch-thick extruded polystyrene (XPS)?“Regarding insulating inside the existing cans (recall both the current can housings and LED retrofits are IC-rated), would 2-inch XPS pushed tight inside the top of each recessed can cavity be an effective strategy?” Brown writes. “There would be about a 5-inch gap between the LED housing and the foam board. The LED retrofits would solve 99% of any air leaks… and the insulation would be to limit heat transfer where I can.” No, don’t use XPS or fiberglassInsulating the fixtures may help with heat loss, but using the wrong type of insulation could cause problems in the event of a fire.“If you’re going to take this chance, don’t use XPS inside the can,” says Dana Dorsett. “XPS melts while burning, whereas polyiso chars in place, and has a higher kindling temperature than polystyrene.“If doing it with fiber insulation,” he continues, “use rock wool rather than fiberglass. Fiberglass can melt in the presence of a fire, too. Rock wool cannot. Fiberglass is also prone to creating suspended glass particles in the conditioned space air if there is any air leakage from the attic to the conditioned space, and putting it right in the potential leak path probably makes that even more likely.”In a scenario Dorsett lays out, the power supply in a cheap LED fixture blows a capacitor and starts a small electrical fire.“You don’t want flaming melted polystyrene dripping out of of the fixture,” he says. “That can’t happen with rigid polyiso even if it persists long enough to light off the foam, but it totally can’t happen with rock wool, since even the steel of the fixture would begin to burn before the rock wool.” Justin Brown has moved into a house with lots of recessed lighting fixtures, including 10 six-inch Prescolite non-airtight fixtures on the second floor ceiling, and another 11 mounted in cathedral ceilings. He may have plenty of light in those rooms, but he’s more concerned about all the air that’s leaking into the attic and rafter bays and the heat loss that goes along with it. In a Q&A post at Green Building Advisor, Brown writes, “I have explored all the options. The attic is covered with (I believe) R-30 batts and about 12 inches of blown-in cellulose on top of that. They put additional batts all around the fixtures like a moat but not on top of them — not sure why, since they are IC [insulation-contact] rated.”In the attic, he’s considered building airtight boxes around the fixtures, but access there is difficult. Most of the fixtures are next to joists, and building the boxes would require a lot of fussy work. A more attractive option is an LED retrofit kit, which the manufacturer claims is airtight.“I assume that will greatly cut down on air flow to the attic,” he writes. “If I install those and add some insulation directly over the cans in the attic, is that a good solution for cutting air passage and bolstering insulation in those areas?”The retrofit kits are also IC-rated, and Brown wonders whether he can stuff some fiberglass insulation into the fixtures before installing the LED kits. That, at least, would cut down on some of the heat loss through the fixtures. Air Sealing for Recessed Attic Lighting Consider the type of fixtureThe type of LED fixture that Brown is considering comes in either a 5-inch or 6-inch version. It’s sealed and gasketed, and covers the entire opening in the ceiling.“Most LED recessed can retrofit assemblies rely on air convection to keep them cool,” Dorsett replies. “Don’t expect them to last as long in a sealed and insulated recessed fixture. The surface-mountable Philips units designed to be mounted to regular electrical boxes will probably last longer.”The Philips fixtures with an outside diameter of 5.4 inches are roughly $50 each, he adds, with 7.9-inch models costing about $55. “There may be a way to cobble these (and an electrical box) inside your existing fixture stuffed full of rock wool, tossing out your trims,” he says. What about adding more insulation in the attic?Robert Hronek suggests more insulation could be added over the fixtures in the attic.“I would think a guy could rent a machine and blow more insulation in the attic and fill up around the cans,” he says. “You wouldn’t have to get close to the cans as in crawling on your belly and building boxes. I even think you could spray foam right against the can if you were using LEDs. The LEDs put out very little heat compared to bulbs.”Another way of adding insulation above the fixtures is to make airtight boxers from pieces of rigid foam insulation. “if you are using rigid foam to build airtight boxes around an IC-rated can light, is there a minimum distance the foam should be kept back from the can?” Michael Geoghegan asks. “Or does IC include rigid foam insulation as well?”To that, Holladay replies, IC-rated fixtures do not require an air space between the fixtures and the insulation. But when it comes to spray foam insulation, he assumes some kind of barrier should be applied around the fixture before the foam goes on. “You don’t want to gum up the works of the fixture,” he says.“There are several issues here,” Holladay adds. “One has to do with heat build-up, which is a problem that is obviously most severe with incandescent bulbs. Another issue has to do with the mechanics of insulation installation and the field practices of installers. If any spray foam installers are reading this, I’d be interested to hear whether they wrap IC-rated fixtures in some type of paper or cardboard before they spray around the fixtures.“The third issue is the electrical code requirement that electrical boxes include a certain volume (expressed in cubic inches); this volume can’t be filled with insulation, because the air in the electrical box helps dissipate heat if there is a wiggly wire nut in the box. I’m not sure whether the prohibition against stuffing insulation into electrical boxes might apply in this case, but I suspect that it doesn’t.” RELATED ARTICLES “Lastly,” he continues, “I know there are a lot of factors at play here, but can anyone help ballpark for me annual heat loss costs per can in a situation like this? I’ve seen $5 to $30 per can per year. I’m in New England, so winters are cold.”Those are the issues for this Q&A Spotlight. CONSTRUCTION DETAILS
These interviews take an insightful look into how the filmmakers behind “Atlanta” created the their own unique style and look.Cover image via FX Networks.In some great interviews with No Film School, Brian Hallett, and Pro Video Coalition, Director of Photography Christian Sprenger offers some fascinating insights into how he worked with director Hiro Murai and Donald Glover to create Atlanta’s signature look and style.Fresh on the heels of Atlanta’s success, let’s explore how they were able to develop the cinematic look that has helped launch an Emmy-award winning program.The Camera and LightsImage via ARRI.I shot on the ARRI Amira with Kowa Prominar Spherical Prime lenses. Keslow Camera was our rental house. Lighting-wise, I would say 75% of the show was lit with LEDs. Our gaffer Cody Jacobs works very closely with LightGear and we built a lot of custom fixtures, LED gem-balls and LED pancakes, and little fixtures that we could hide or quickly toss up on the ceiling (via PVC).As much a stylistic choice as an industry-standard selection, Sprenger and Murai’s decision to shoot on ARRI Amira with Kowa Cine Prominar lenses gave the team the same production-level look of modern film and television — along with some leeway for their push process. Also with their LED-heavy production, the team made use of Cineo Trucolor sources and ARRI SkyPanel lights (the latter of which you can read more about here).Under Exposure ProcessingImage via FX.We were shooting dark complexions and a lot of times night exteriors so our DIT Chris Hoyle would live grade the images back up those three or four stops to normal exposure to see what it was going to look like. Being able to see our noise floor and see where the bottom was without completely destroying the image was very helpful (via NFS).With the ARRI Amira, Sprenger worked with a bumped-up ISO (around 1280 or 1600) while underexposed three or four stops to create a temperamental, foggy film look. When shooting with a pushed ISO and underexposed footage, Sprenger cautions that it can quickly become difficult to see through the camera’s eyepiece and monitor the footage, which can become almost completely black.On-Set Color GradingImage via FX.We essentially didn’t work with a post house. We did it all of it on set and had a post PA send everything out to Los Angeles. It was a totally seamless way to work and integral for the look of the show (via NFS).From the same interview with NFS, Sprenger explains their on-set color grading workflow, which basically created a post house on set. The team used “a combination of DaVinci Resolve and Pomfort Livegrade,” which allowed them to build “custom curves to apply to the Rec.709 image and [they] would then send those baked images out for dailies and editorial use.”Bonus: Creating the Atlanta Trailer TransitionAs an added bonus, any fan of the series is surely fond of the viral sensation Atlanta trailer, which recently came out to promote the much-anticipated second season. While the effect seems like a tricky VFX-heavy concept, it’s actually a pretty ingenious technique that combines in-camera tricks and some simple green screen compositing. To get the results of the final video above, the team at Cinecom.net have done the legwork of recreating the effect and outlining a step-by-step process to make it on your own. Check out the video tutorial below, and read the full article breakdown at PremiumBeat.If you’re interested in more info on the post-production process for “This is America,” check out PremiumBeat’s interview with editor Ernie Gilbert (and see if you can catch the hidden cuts)!For more production insights, interviews, and resources, check out some of these articles.7 Things to Consider When Shooting on Retro Film Stock5 Tips for Shooting a Period Film on a Tight BudgetProduction Tip: How to Calibrate Your Monitors on SetTips from the Team Behind the Ruth Bader Ginsberg Sundance DocumentaryYour Guide to Working with Project Files in DaVinci Resolve
End Users StakeholdersFor the end-users of your product or service, the value created is that your widgets (whatever they are) actually perform well. End users also value good support and service. Even if you can create a higher level of value for their organization, if you don’t create the value they need, you won’t win their votes.Management StakeholdersManagement stakeholders look to their end-user stakeholders to ensure that what you sell will work for them. Then they add the new level of they require. Management stakeholders need you to deliver business results. These results translate to increased revenue, decreased costs, or increased profit. If you sell only the features and benefits that the end-user stakeholders care about, you’ll lose the management stakeholders.Executive Leadership StakeholdersAs you move up to executive leadership, the bar is even higher. Executive management wants to be certain you can deliver for their management stakeholders. They also want to be sure your solution delivers for their end-user stakeholders. Then executive leadership stacks a new level of value on top of these: strategic fit. Leadership wants you to bring a strategic fit to the relationship. They want you to help them compete in their space. They want you proactively bring them new ideas. They want you to help them see around corners.Value is in the eye of the beholder. Selling a higher level of value to a group of stakeholders that won’t benefit from that level of value doesn’t work. Selling a lower level of value to a group of stakeholders that needs something more doesn’t work either.To build consensus, you have to create the right level of value for the right group of stakeholders.QuestionsWhat do you do to create value for your end user clients?What value do your management stakeholders expect you to create?How different is executive management’s expectation of you when it comes to value creation?How can you use the different levels of value you create to build consensus in your dream client companies? Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now
Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss CONTRIBUTED PHOTOPhilippine teams Pasig Grindhouse Kings and 1Bataan Risers are through to the playoffs of the Chooks-to-Go 3×3 Asia Pacific Super Quest Saturday at SM Megamall Fashion Hall in Mandaluyong.Taylor Statham powered the President’s Cup champions to a 21-15 win over Absolute 3×3 of Chinese Taipei as they claimed the top seed in Pool C.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES View comments Travis Franklin’s 10-point output was no match for the opposition’s hot streak from deep, with top Japanese 3×3 player Tomoya Ochiai firing nine points in the win.Keita Suzuki also had all of his six points from deep for Tokyo Dime.exe, as the Philippine side got little help from their locals.The defeat dropped the Risers to 1-1, as they are set for a quarterfinal clash against SSLC of China in a match scheduled at 12:20pm.On the other hand, Tokyo Dime faces New Zealand’s Aotearoa at 12:00nn.World no. 15 Ulaanbaatar of Mongolia claimed the top seed in Pool A with a tough 16-14 win over TSV Reading Cinemas of Australia, while Jakarta West Bandits also scored a 21-16 triumph against Absolute 3×3 in the Pool C face off. The two teams will meet each other in the knockout playoffs at 12:00nn.ADVERTISEMENT Hontiveros presses for security audit of national power grid MOST READ SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Philippine Arena Interchange inaugurated Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess Zheng Yuqi also buried a long bomb with 1:44 remaining to propel SSLC to the top of Pool D with a 21-18 win over Aotearoa of New Zealand.That win wasted the gutsy showing of Saigon Aces, which scored a 16-15 shocker over the Chinese crew behind Ryan Monteclaro’s free throw with 4.4 seconds on the clock.The champion of the Asia Pacific Super Quest will book their ticket to both the FIBA 3X3 World Tour Masters Doha from April 18 to 19 and the Challenger Series in Penang from May 12 to 13. Moreover, it will bring home USD 20,000.The runners-up will also head to the Doha tournament while pocketing USD 15,000. The third and fourth place finishers will qualify for the Challenger Series in Kunshan from May 18 to 19 with the former also banking USD 7,000 while the latter being rewarded with USD 4,000 for their effort.The fifth to eighth-placed teams will be given USD 1,000 as consolation.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Caroline Wozniacki, Madison Keys to play clay-court final in Charleston The 6-foot-6, Fil-Am forward was sensational all game long with his 10 points, including two of the final four that put the Taiwanese to rest.Serbian import Nikola Pavlovic and Joshua Munzon both had four points, as Troy Rike added three to arrange a quarterfinal duel against TSV Reading Cinema of Australia that will take place on Sunday, April 7 at the same venue at 1:00pm.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“Honestly, it’s a testament to who we are as people off the court. We’re all very close,” said Statham. “Nikola has done a great job of coming in and adding into our team and not taking anything away. We all compete hard and we just love playing together, you can see it to how we play.”On the other hand, 1Bataan showed tremendous resolve in a tough 17-21 defeat to world No. 19 Tokyo Dime.exe of Japan as it settled for second place in Pool B.
Sergej Milinkovic-Savic allayed fears of his departure from Lazio as he belatedly reported for pre-season with the club, telling fans that he intends to remain at the Stadio Olimpico.The Serbian international enjoyed a stellar World Cup and has been linked with a move away from Rome to join one of a number of big clubs throughout Europe.The 23-year-old midfielder was expected to return to training yesterday, but instead only arrived today at the Clinica Paideia for a medical. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Man Utd ready to spend big on Sancho and Haaland in January Who is Marcus Thuram? Lilian’s son who is top of the Bundesliga with Borussia Monchengladbach Brazil, beware! Messi and Argentina out for revenge after Copa controversy Best player in MLS? Zlatan wasn’t even the best player in LA! The player’s agent Mateja Kezman later insisted that this was down to a missed flight out of Belgrade, according to Football Italia.When asked by fans outside the facility on whether he would remain with the Biancocelesti, Milinkovic-Savic responded: “Of course I’m staying, do you not see that I’m here?”Lazio head coach Simone Inzaghi previously professed his belief that the €100million-rated (£89m/$116m) star would remain with the club, despite the lure of Champions League football with Serie A rivals Juventus, among others.Other potential suitors include Real Madrid and the Premier League duo of Manchester United and Chelsea, all of whom are rumoured to be willing to meet Lazio’s asking price in the event of a sale.Milinkovic-Savic joined Lazio from Genk in 2015 and has since made 122 appearances for the club, scoring 25 goals.He won his first piece of silverware in Italy in 2017 when he helped them to a 3-2 win over Juventus in the Supercoppa Italiana.He also featured in three of his country’s World Cup games as they narrowly missed out on qualification from the group stages in Russia.Lazio are also fending off interest from Tottenham over star striker Ciro Immobile, though the 28-year-old has stated that he is happy at the club and expects to sign a new contract soon, despite his current deal running through to 2022.Immobile netted 29 goals last season, a feat only matched by Inter’s Mauro Icardi, and has also been linked with a move away to Milan.
Xiaomi’s sub-brand Poco launched its first phone aka the Poco F1 in August this year. Until now, the Poco F1 was available in Blue and Black colours only. At the launch, Xiaomi did announce a Red version of the phone but the model wasn’t available for purchase. On Thursday, Xiaomi announced the Rosso Red Edition of the Poco F1 and said that it will go on sale in India for the first time on October 11. All the variants of the Poco F1 will be available in Rosso Red colour. The smartphone will be available for buying via Mi.com and other online retailers. Apart from the colour, the specs and the price of the Rosso Red Edition of the Poco F1 are the same as other models.The Poco F1 is available in 6GB RAM/64GB storage, 8GB RAM/ 256GB storage, 6GB RAM/ 128GB storage, and special Armoured Edition 8GB RAM/ 256GB storage with Kevlar back variants. The 6GB RAM/64GB storage version of the Poco F1 comes with a price tag of Rs 20,999. The 8GB RAM/ 256GB storage version is priced at Rs 28,999, 6GB RAM/ 128GB storage comes for Rs 23,999 and lastly the special Armored edition of the Poco F1 with 8GB RAM and 256GB storage comes at Rs 29,999.The Poco F1 sports a massive 6.18-inch FHD+ IPS LCD display with a 1080×2246 pixel resolution and aspect ratio of 18.7:9. Being a mid-range smartphone the Poco F1 comes with Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 845 processor which mainly powers flagship phones like the OnePlus 6, Samsung Galaxy Note 9, among others.advertisementThe Poco F1 packs a dual camera setup on the rear panel and a single sensor on the front. On the back, the smartphone comes with a primary camera of 12MP with f/1.9 aperture and a secondary camera of 5MP for depth shots. The dual rear camera setup of the Poco F1 comes with several AI-based camera features like scene recognition, among others. On the front, the Poco F1 sports a 20-megapixel selfie shooter paired with soft LED flash and AI features.ALSO READ: Xiaomi Poco F1 review: New flagship killer in townThe Poco F1 runs Android 8.1 Oreo-based MIUI 9.6 software with a customized Poco launcher out-of-the-box but will be soon upgraded to MIUI 10. The smartphone has already received the MIUI 10 global beta update and will soon get the stable version of the software. The phone includes a massive 4,000mAh battery and supports Qualcomm’s Quick Charge 3.0 and USB Type-C.
Chelsea winger Christian Pulisic eyeing loan move awayby Paul Vegas19 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea winger Christian Pulisic is eyeing a loan move away in January.The Daily Mailsays he is said to be considering asking for a loan move away from Chelsea if he is not given more opportunities soon.Pulisic has found himself falling down the pecking order at Stamford Bridge just three months after completing his £58million move from Borussia Dortmund.The 21-year-old has been an unused sub in the last three Premier League matches – and hasn’t been seen in top flight action since August.Now the American is open to the prospect of moving elsewhere in January if Frank Lampard continues to overlook him in his Chelsea plans. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Burnley defender Kevin Long admits lack of action frustratingby Paul Vegas13 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveBurnley defender Kevin Long admits his lack of action this season is frustrating.The Republic of Ireland defender’s only appearance for the Clarets this season came in the EFL Cup exit at home to Sunderland in August. “It can be frustrating,” he told the Irish media.“If other lads for Burnley or Ireland are playing well, there’s not much I can do.“I spoke to Mick briefly about it in the past. He wants me playing games, first and foremost, but is aware of the position I’m in at Burnley.“He’s stuck by me and hopefully I can repay him for that.“If I get a chance on Saturday, I’ll be ready to take it with both hands. This match, and the trip to Switzerland on Tuesday, are huge games. They’re the type of you want to be involved in.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Leicester keeper Schmeichel says being late bloomer is career motivationby Paul Vegas5 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLeicester City goalkeeper Kasper Schmeichel says being a late bloomer has helped his career motivation.The Dane made his international debut at 26, though is now regarded among the best keepers in the world. He reached a personal national team landmark last week against Switzerland. Schmeichel made super four saves in the 1-0 European Championships qualifying win.And the Foxes favourite admits his late career recognition is now working in his favour. At 32 years of age, Schmeichel insists he’s as ambitious and motivated as ever.Now boasting 50 caps, he was quoted by Bold as saying, “It was a big motivating factor that I was not involved in the national team earlier in my career, but I am grateful to be part of it now and it makes me proud to play 50 games for my country – now I just hope for 50 more.”If I don’t last five years, then I will be disappointed.”Indeed, while not taking anything for granted, Schmeichel is adamant that thoughts of retirement are far into the future. The goalkeeper, who is in his eighth year with Leicester, is determined to make the most of a period in his career where he is now reaching his peak. After spells with the likes of Darlington and Bury, Schmeichel is grateful for his current status in the game.He added: “You can’t plan in football. Anything can happen. You can get hurt tomorrow and not have the opportunity to come back, so you have to be grateful every time you are teamed up with the national team.”Every match I get in the Parken in front of such an audience, I am incredibly grateful for, because it happens so rarely. We must be proud of all the matches we can fight for the national team.”- updated 21/10 About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
MONTREAL – Air Transat has signed a deal with AerCap for the long-term lease of seven new Airbus aircraft.Financial terms of the deal were not immediately disclosed.The subsidiary of Transat AT Inc. is acquiring two A321neos and five A321neo LRs which will be delivered between 2020 and 2022.They will replace wide-body A330 aircraft whose leases will expire during the period.The new aircraft will join 10 new A321neo LRs being leased from AerCap that are expected to be added to Air Transat’s fleet starting in the spring of next year.Air Transat’s fleet currently includes 33 permanent aircraft.Companies in this story: (TSX:TRZ)