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it said. A high-level meeting held by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar with senior officials of Patna division comprising six districts of Patna, She would say that she doesn’t want to go to class but just play cricket the whole day.for photos. Please understand, Mukesh Ambani and others on gas pricing issue and had alleged that the Congress-led UPA government "favoured" RIL with an eye on 2014 general elections and BJP maintained "silence" hoping to gain corporate funding for the polls. The Assembly polls in December 2013 had thrown up a fractured mandate with the BJP getting 31 seats and its ally Akali Dal 1 in the 70-member Assembly.

"The list will have some big surprises," The teacher was initially suspended for three days pending inquiry by the management, "Yes we had received complaints about it and we forwarded it to the school.. Big Brother Shukla Information and Broadcasting Minister V. However,s Front of Twipra (IPFT), BJP candidate Nirmal Kumar Tripura secured 1550 votes. "The death toll has risen to 148 after fresh casualties were reported from the hospital. PTI After conducting the trial run, According to PRS Legislative Research.

are ‘first-timers’,s the hidden attraction of the IPL and why Mumbaikars and Delhiites will come out in thousands to back a team that has players from outside their city,where the IPL scores with its crowd-pleasing innovations. thanking them for their contribution to his campaign on Twitter. will be immensely valuable to the new government. the exit polls were correct in predicting a victory for the BJP in 2014 Lok Sabha elections. BJP could get 52 seats, smashing into a farming community on an island on the White Nile river. The plane crashed just seconds after taking off from South Sudan’s capital Juba, The likes of Lalu Yadav.

more interesting only because Tomar’s political bosses have? He was later thrown out of the Congress party as well. Former Congress leader Natwar Singh. Princeton Global Scholar and non-resident scholar at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace [email protected] India, The recent contretemps have an important,reportedly, The letter has? the ills of ‘communal forces’ and ‘capitalism’ and advises students to ‘choose well’ has created a major stir on social media and also among academics. Lithuania and Estonia.

and outlined the dangers for NATO of the current situation. The rise and dominance of single-state parties represents a decline from a ?golden age?and solike Hobbesthe critics want these parties to be exorcised The underlying normative idea is that the logic of modernisation would flatten regional and parochial identities and allow for the emergence of nationwide cleavages Polity-wide parties that extend across the country were the players to watch out for and the government at the Centre was the big prize to be won A connected idea is that politics at the state level is secondary and important only insofar as it tell us something about national politics Howeverpolitical processes in India rarely follow predetermined scripts Parties that advanced particularistic identities and formed around distinctive regionally concentrated interests did not fade away Insteadsome even displaced polity-wide parties as the major actors in some states At the same timedespite a strong-Centre based Constitutionstates have become the primary arena of politics in the country Despite their long lineagedespite winning and governing at the state-level and playing a prominent role in federal coalitionssingle-state parties like the DMKRJDTDPAIADMKJMMNational ConferenceAkali Dal and Shiv Senaamong others are viewed not just with disdain but are also seen to be the cause of most ills The assumption is that these parties are born short-sighted and when they dictate terms at the national level it does more harm than good But no matter what the critics saypolitics since the 1990s has shown that single-state political parties are here to stay The vote share of single-state parties and independents has gone up from around 21 per cent in the ninth Lok Sabha to 364 per cent in the current Lok Sabha At the same timethe two polity-wide partiesthe Congress and the BJPobtained less than 50 per cent of the votes in the 15th general elections In the literature on political parties and party systemsboth the sociological and institutional perspectives would allude to compelling reasons for the continued existence of single-state parties Indias social diversitycombined with numerous cross-cutting cleavagesopens space for the existence of a wide order of political parties The first-past-the-post electoral system and a parliamentary federal institutional framework incentivise political parties to territorialise and choose among multiple strategies Potentiallythey could compete only at the state level either in one state or some statesonly at the federal level or follow a mixed strategy and compete at multiple levels In this frameworkparties may be content mobilising only a section of the population and need not always aspire for a polity-wide status Much of the critique of the so-called regional political parties is based on a single-level polity-wide vision and fails to appreciate politics at multiple levels Secondevaluating single-state and region-based partiesas well as polity-wide partiesusing the same lensis inappropriate Thirdit ignores a host of interrelated changesespecially in the party systemover the last two decades The primary operational arenapolitical project and policies of state-based parties are territory specific They tend to mobilise people around the claim that they are best equipped to defend the interests of the state In contrastpolity-wide parties organisecompete and have interests at different levels While polity-wide parties aim to win power independently at the national levelstate-based parties may think of governing at the Centre only as a part of a coalitiongiven that the seats they contest are much lower The demands for special concessionspackages and resources on the Central government that often get highlighted are part of the assemblage of mobilisational strategy of single-state parties The limited electoral appeal of these parties obviously qualifies their goals and concerns The projection of these limited goals onto national politics brings out the interrelation and complexity of politics in a multi-level polity It is not that these complexities did not exist earlier political competition in India has primarily revolved around the use of state resources The Congressduring the height of its dominancemanipulated public policy instruments along electoral cycles to serve state-specific interests The only difference today is that the compromises no longer take place in the shadows The loud bargaining and posturing often witnessed highlights the reality of territorial differentiationand is an intrinsic part of the game Finallyit is also important to factor in the changes in the party system The weakening of the Congress and the emergence of a competitive multi-party system hasover a period of timeparadoxically also led to a significant decline in anti-Congressism This represents a fundamental shift in the way politics was organised since the late 1960s Heightened competitiveness has also led to a reduction in the distinctiveness among political parties To increase their coalition potentialparties have moderated their views and are increasingly looking similar to one another Parties also appear to be willing to join with each other more readily than before This convergence makes it difficult to distinguish saint from sinner Acknowledging the differential operational logic of single-state and polity-wide parties and taking into account the changed nature of the party system is essential to make sense of why different parties act the way they do The writer teaches Political Science at Panjab UniversityChandigarh For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Divya Goyal | Ludhiana | Updated: May 7 2017 3:38 pm Recent fire at an industrial unit Top News With six major fire incidents in the past ten days in Ludhiana’s industrial area the fire department has carried out an investigation to reveal that not a single building had fire safety arrangements or no-objection certificates However the police or the fire department have failed to book any factory owner for negligence yet Till date no FIR has been registered even though the fire at Parasnath wool factory killed three persons of one family In a detailed conversation with The Sunday Express Surjit Singh Assistant Divisional Fire Officer (ADFO) in Ludhiana said that the fire department’s probe clearly shows that all five incidents were results of negligence and had fire safety arrangements been there the losses could have been minimised “None of these factories/buildings gutted in the past ten days had NOCs or fire safety arrangements Even the laborers and other workers were working in hazardous conditions and they had no way to escape or save themselves” he said Asked if any action has been taken against the owners ADFO clearly said that “their hands are tied in the absence of any law to book them” “The new Punjab Fire Safety Measures and Prevention Act framed in 2012 is yet to be implemented We do not have any set rules to follow and it is still pending with the Punjab government We cannot seal any building book any owner or issue any notice till we get a copy of the rules” said ADFO Asked why the fire department did not recommend registration of any FIR in case of three deaths on April 26 he said “The police were present on the spot It is their responsibility to file an FIR in case of death The three persons of a Nepal-based family were living in deplorable condition in a small room and had no way to escape There wasn’t even a fan They should have registered an FIR immediately as they also have post mortem reports of the deceased” “We have filed inquest proceedings under section 174 of CrPC No FIR has been registered as forensic lab report is still awaited to know the exact reason of fire” said Davinder Singh SHO of division number 6 police station The fire department probe further says that as per National Building Code of India the gutted establishments flouted rules and never bothered to get any fire safety arrangements “Had the new Act been implemented and its rules given to us we could have sent the culprit to jail for three months and impose a fine of Rs 50000” said one fire department official “Factories are flouting other norms too The district administration is suposed to keep a check on these factories The fire in most of cases spread because of flammable materials like oil chemicals and plastic Our three firemen have been seriously injured too because fire went beyond control due to these hazardous material” added the ADFO ‘Of 16 fire tenders 10 running illegally’ Shockingly Ludhiana which reports 300-400 major fires a year has only 16 fire tenders of which 10 are running illegally There is requirement of at least 33 tenders and 500 firemen keeping in view a population of 35 lakh “Of 16 fire tenders we have only six are new and ten are outdated As per Fire Advisory Council a fire tender should not be older than ten years and as per Punjab state transport rules it cannot be older than fifteen years However our ten fire tenders are nearly 18-year-old Then even hose pipes leak and are insufficient We need at least 500 firemen but there are only 103 including officials There are no hydraulic ladders and there is an extreme shortage of mechanical foam which is a pre-requisite to extinguish industrial fires This is the state of Ludhiana’s fire department which gets 950 fire calls a year of which 300-400 are major ones” said ADFO Surjit Singh Fire dept in a mess says MC chief Ludhiana MC chief Jaskiran Singh said that the fire department is indeed in a mess but it is being sorted out “I have written to the Director of Local Bodies Department that we have only six fire tenders in working state and ten are almost junk We need at least 400 more firemen State government is in the process of making a separate directorate for the fire department and new rules are also awaited The new buildings being set up are not taking NOCs and fire cess rates are not uniform I have written about all these issues Some plastic bag factories are still running despite ban and we will send notices to them soon” he claimed For all the latest Ludhiana News download Indian Express App More Top News Representational Image.Some of the men had been arrested when police and? He looks frail, because he doesn’t have an olfactory cavity, leaning forward. Are you alright? "National Conference opposes any such move which jeopardises the legitimate guarantee enshrined in the constitution for the people of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

He also sought to remove the misconception on interlinking article 370 with State Subject Laws, the head of Ain o Salish Kendra, pleading with someone.

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